THE HISTORY of the hippocampus

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain disease with an unknown cause and it is the most common type of dementia. Any part of the brain can be affected by this desease, however, the hippocampus is the area that usually becomes dysfunctional first. The hippocampus is the part of the brain involved in the storage of memories, and learning. The hippocampus is one of the most studied by scientists all over the world.

WHY IS THIS PART OF THE BRAIN CALLED THE HIPPOCAMPUS?

In some parts of the world, a sea horse is known as a hippocampus. Neuroanatomists found that this region of the brain had a shape similar to a hippocampus. Due to the resemblance of the brain region to a sea horse, scientists decided to name this brain region the hippocampus.

For the last 20 years, my research has been primarily focused on studying the function of the hippocampus. I have developed transgenic murine models with Alzheimer’s disese pathology. My research team focuses its efforts on studying how neurons communicate by observing animal behaviour. Due to my vast interest in the hippocampus and my daughter’s love of horses, I decided to call my research company Recherche Neuro-hippocampe.

- Richard Bergeron MD, PhD, FRCPC 

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