DETECTING memory loss

As part of your clinical exam, you will undergo certain evaluations, which may include the following :


The MMSE is a Mini Mental State Exam, and it is also called a Folstein Exam. This evaluation was conceptualized by Dr. Folstein in 1975. It is a simple and standardized test that evaluates the severity and progression of cognitive changes in an individual.

The MMSE consists of 30 questions, divided into five categories of cognitive functions. These five categories are: orientation in time and space, memory, attention, language, and gross motor skills.


The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, or MoCA, is a test used to detect neurocognitive impairment. The MoCA was created by Dr. Nasreddine and his team in 2005, and it was primarily developed to address the limitations of the MMSE in screening for mild cognitive impairment.

This test is presented as a short-answer questionnaire with a few tasks to complete. The elements evaluated are grouped into eight subsections: short-term memory, visuospatial abilities, executive functions, attention, concentration, working memory, language, and orientation to time and space. The tests proposed are often more complex than those found in the MMSE.


The Clock Test is a quick and easy test used to detect cognitive function disorders such as praxis, attention, language, orientation in time and space, and executive functions. Used since the 1980s, it is not in itself a tool that can diagnose Alzheimer's disease, but combined with other tests such as MMSE, it is an easy and effective way to detect neurological disorders.

This test consists of drawing a clock and placing the hands correctly according to a specific time. The digits, their positioning, the number of hands, and the time represented are evaluated and scored

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